Electric bikes are a marvel of modern technologies that make them highly efficient and convenient forms of transportation. They help reduce global carbon emissions and help promote physical activity.
However, fuel-powered bikes take the lead when it comes to speed. With average speeds of only 20mph, electric bike owners struggle with reaching their destination on time.
Fortunately, some riding practices, tricks, and care measures can help significantly increase an e-bike’s top speed. The e-bike owners can enjoy thrilling rides and reach their destination more quickly.
How to Increase Your Electric Bike’s Top Speed?
Riding an electric bike at high speeds can be an exhilarating experience. It could boost the rider’s adrenaline levels and increase their heart rate.
However, most e-bikes have low top speeds and do not offer the same thrill as petrol bikes. Most electric bikes have an average speed of 20 mph and a top speed of 28-30mph. In contrast, most petrol bikes go up to a top speed of 50mph.
Their energy-efficient technology may optimize energy usage but does not promise high speeds.
Luckily, some simple measures and hacks can increase any electric bike’s speed and performance. However, before you decide on increasing the e-bike’s speed, educate yourself on regional speed limit laws.
American Electric Bike Battery and Speed Laws
E-bike accidents caused due to high-speed riding are not uncommon in the US. Most accidents often lead to bone damage and fractures. Severe crashes can result in serious wounds, permanent brain injury and even death.
A recent report by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) revealed that e-bike and e-scooter accidents have increased by 70%. Most of these accidents result in broken limbs, road rashes, neck injuries, and brain damage. The CPSC has also recorded 71 deaths in just one year.
Hence, every country has designed speed laws that determine how fast an e-bike can go. These laws play a pivotal role in reducing the risks associated with riding at fast speeds.
Speed laws are designed according to the country’s roads and protect the rider, other vehicles, and pedestrians. Most American states permit using a 500Watt battery electric bike with a 20mph top speed.
Six American states, Georgia, Oregon, Virginia, Minnesota, Kansas, and Oklahoma, have permitted 750Watt e-bikes with a top speed of 30mph.
California has designed a system that classifies e-bikes into three categories. The different classifications are then allowed different top speed limits.
Many other states have followed California’s example and developed a similar speed limit system. The table below shows the e-bike classifications and their respective maximum legal speeds.
|Electric Bike Classifications||Type of Electric Bike||Maximum Legal Speed|
|Class 1 electric bike||Pedal-assist electric bike||20 mph|
|Class 2 electric bike||Electric motorbike with no pedal assistance||20mph|
|Class 3 electric bike||Pedal-assist electric bike||28mph|
After you’ve researched regional e-bike speeding laws, one can work on increasing their e-bike’s top speed. The speed can be increased by simple tricks, tips, and technical hacks.
Simple Tips to Increase an Electric Bike’s Top Speed
Multiple factors determine an electric bike’s speed. These factors include:
- The local rules and regulations that limit an electric bike’s top speed
- The electric bike’s battery power (for example, 500W, 750W, 1000W, etc.)
- The electric bike’s throttle mechanism
- The electric bike’s pedal assist level
- The electric bike’s weight
- The terrain where the electric bike is being ridden
Learning about how these factors affect speed is critical when trying to increase the top speed.
Keep Your Electric Bike Battery Fully Charged
An electric bike’s battery is its most critical and expensive component. Poor charging routines and neglect can damage the battery’s performance and reduce its lifespan.
Ensure your electric bike battery is fully charged before you hit the road. Electric bikes have DC motors that store electric charge. The higher the stored electric charge or voltage, the higher the better the bike’s speed.
Develop a proper charging routine that maximizes your battery’s charge without damaging its range. You need to:
- Put your electric bike battery on charging right after your trip ends
- Charge the electric bike battery as frequently as possible
- Refrain from letting your electric bike battery fully discharge as that would reduce its charge storing capacity. As a result, the electric bike’s maximum speed will decrease. For instance, a 100% charged lithium-ion battery would produce 4.2volts/cell, while a 50% charged battery would produce 3.6volts/cell. The e-bike would be faster at 4.2volts;
- Always use the manufacturer provided electric bike charger as it would charge the battery without damaging its capacity;
- Keep an extra charger at work or wherever you spend the most time outside of your home. This way, you can fully recharge your electric bike before heading home;
- Prevent your battery from overheating or cooling. Failing to do so will result in the electric bike’s top speed getting compromised along with its range and voltage. For this, you need to allow the battery time to cool off or warm up before starting the bike. Moreover, you can protect the e-bike battery with bike fenders;
- Pack an extra electric bike battery for longer commutes so you can keep riding at top speeds.
Poor charging routines and battery neglect can damage a battery’s charge storing capacity. With a lower charge or voltage, the electric bike’s top speed would be reduced.
Reduce the Total Weight on an Electric Bike
Electric bikes are much heavier than conventional bikes. The battery pack, electrical wiring, and more robust cycle frames contribute to the electric bike’s weight.
Heavier electric bikes need bigger batteries to go at high speeds. Heavier weights put pressure and stress on the battery, causing an increase in charge usage. The voltage per cell is reduced with lesser available charge, dropping the maximum speed.
To increase your electric bike’s top speed, you must:
- Invest in a bigger battery if the total weight the battery has to pull is high;
- Reduce the total weight of your electric bike by taking off heavy fenders and unnecessary decorations;
- Avoid carrying heavy luggage when trying to ride at high speeds;
- Reduce your body weight if it is high enough to significantly affect your e-bike’s speed and performance.
Change Your Electric Bike’s Tires
An electric bike running on old, worn-out tires would not achieve high speeds. It would use more battery power to pull the bike on old tires. As a result, the battery charge would drop, causing voltage and speed to reduce.
Old and cracked tires lose traction on paved surfaces and can cause an electric bike to slip. Hence, to ensure safety and increase the top speed, you should:
- Visit the electric bike workshop often to get your tires checked for damage
- Invest in new tires after the professional’s advice
- Only choose high-quality tires
Ride Your Electric Bike with a Less Upright Posture
Riding an electric bike while sitting upright can decrease the e-bike’s top speed. The body’s wide sitting posture has a greater surface area, which increases the total aerodynamic drag.
Hence, you should slouch slightly or ride in a crouching posture to increase the top speed. Doing so reduces your body’s surface area and makes it more streamlined. Consequently, the aerodynamic drag is reduced, and the e-bike picks up speed.
Keep Your Electric Bike Tire’s Air Pressure High
Electric bike tires with punctures or low air pressure would add damaging stress to the electric bike’s battery. Delaying tire repair and riding with low-pressure tires could eventually lead to a need for tire replacement.
Hence, invest in a home air pressure gauge. It will allow you to check the electric bike’s tires’ air pressure before riding. Moreover, invest in an air pump to properly inflate your tires in case of pressure loss.
Added air pressure will increase the diameter of your tires. This would allow your electric bike to cover more distance with each rotation. Consequently, your electric bike would go faster.
However, excessive air pressure will result in a bumpier bike ride. The increased diameter would lower the tire’s traction on paved roads. As a result, your electric bike could crash.
Invest in Regenerative Braking
Regenerative braking systems increase an electric bike’s battery’s efficiency. They work by recovering the extra kinetic energy that otherwise is wasted as heat. That kinetic energy is reconverted to electrical charge and stored in the battery.
The voltage produced per cell would be high with the excess battery-electric charge. As a result, the electric bike would go at higher speeds.
Moreover, remember to tune your brakes properly before going for a ride. Poorly tuned brakes can add unwanted friction to the tires. As a result, your electric bike’s speed would be reduced.
Add a Windshield to Your Electric Bike
You can buy a windshield online and install it yourself or visit an electric bike workshop to do this. Usually, this requires minor modification to the e-bike, which is not that costly.
Although a windshield may sound like a bad idea for increasing speed, it works effectively. The rider’s stiff body increases the e-bike’s aerodynamic drag without a windshield, reducing the speed.
With the installation of a windshield, the aerodynamic drag is relatively reduced. The shield’s curved and flexible body allows air to part and rush past the bike more efficiently. Bike enthusiasts claim that a windshield can increase an e-bike speed by 3 mph.
Technical Hacks to Increase an Electric Bike’s Top Speed
Invest in a Higher Power/Voltage Battery
An electric bike’s battery has a voltage designed to cater to a bike’s specific needs. The higher an electric bike battery’s voltage, the higher its top speed.
The table below shows different e-bike battery power sizes in Watts. It also shows their respective top speeds on a flat landscape.
|Electric Bike Power Pack Size (Watts)||Maximum Speed on Flat Landscape (miles/hour)|
In order to upgrade to a higher voltage battery, check your e-bike’s controller and its limitation. Not all speed controllers can handle a high-voltage battery.
Swapping to a bigger battery without checking your controller’s ability could fry the wiring and the controller. Moreover, invest in a new meter reading device that can keep up with the battery upgrade.
Furthermore, ensure the battery your upgrade to is a lithium-ion battery. A Lithium-ion battery is the best type of battery in the market. These batteries optimize energy, minimizing charge wastage.
With more electric charge available, the battery produces more voltage per cell. As a result, the electric bike’s top speed is increased.
Remove the Electric Bike’s Speed Limiter
Removing an electric bike’s speed limiter is illegal in many American states. This ban is because people can deceive the system and ride at illegally higher speeds.
Not all electric bikes can have their speed limiter removed. Electric bikes with a wired-in speed limiter can be tweaked to make the bike go faster.
All you need to do is disable the connecting wire linked to the e-bike’s speed controller. According to the electric bike’s brand, this speed limiting wire may vary in location and color.
Increase the Motor’s KV Value
The KV value is the ratio of the motor’s RPM to its maximum voltage. The higher a motor’s KV value, the higher the RPM and power. As a result, the higher will be the electric bike’s speed.
To increase the motor’s KV value, you can replace the electric bike’s motor. For this, you need to invest in a new motor and rear tire for a higher RPM.
Another option would be to rewind the existing motor. To do this, reduce the number of coil wire turns around the armature. Fewer coil turns would increase the motor’s KV value and increase the e-bike’s top speed.
However, doing so will add pressure to the electric bike’s battery and could cause it to overheat. As a result, the electric bike’s battery range and total capacity would drop.
Related electric bike articles:
- What Is Pedal Assist Electric Bike and How it Works
- How Much Does It Cost to Charge an Electric Bike
- Powering Ahead: Charging Your Ancheer Electric Bike
- How Heavy is an Electric Bike?
- Can I Overcharge An E-Bike Battery?
- Do Electric Bikes Save You Money?
An electric bike could be as exciting as a fuel-powered motorbike when ridden at high speeds. Regardless of the type of electric bike one owns, small tips and hacks can help the e-bike go faster.
Some simple tips to increase the speed include reducing the total weight, getting new tires, riding on a fully charged battery, etc. Whereas upgrading to a bigger battery and increasing the motor’s KV value are technical hacks for increasing the e-bike’s top speed.
My name is Matthew, staying in Seattle, Washington. Electric Vehicles (Electric Cars & Electric bikes) caught my attention for the last few years and my love for electric cars and bikes is everlasting. I spend many of my weekends traveling to various places all over various cities with my electric vehicle (e-bike and electric car). Here I am sharing my expertise, experience, and invaluable information about electric cars and electric bikes. Check out more.